Rugby (from the name of the English town of Rugby (Rugby), in Warwickshire), a sports team game held on a rectangular ground 100x68 meters (there are also scoring fields 12-22 m behind the goal line) with an oval ball shaped like a melon and weighing 400-425g. The goal of the game is to pass the ball to each other with your hands (only back) or with your feet (in any direction), land it in the in-goal or kick it into the opponent's goal.

The progress of an opponent in possession of the ball can be impeded by grabbing him with his hands or knocking him down with his shoulder. The team with the most points in the match wins (2 halves, 40 minutes each); points are awarded: for landing the ball - 4, for hitting the goal from the field, from a free kick or free kick - 3, when implementing an additional kick after landing - 2.

Athletes making up a team (7 or 15 people) must be well prepared physically in order to withstand a direct fight with an opponent (after all, grips by the legs, by the belt and by the shoulders are allowed in rugby). Rugby players have appropriate uniforms - boots, leggings, shorts and a special shirt made of extremely durable material (rugby).

England is considered the birthplace of rugby. It should be mentioned that the inhabitants of this country have long adored various ball games. Crowds of people chased the ball through the streets of villages and cities, not adhering to any rules and, at times, trying to prove their right to win the game with their fists. By order of many of the august monarchs who ruled England (Edward II, Richard II and Edward III) laws were issued against the "football crowd", which, according to the kings, caused unrest and also distracted subjects from their daily duties.

As time went on, the ball game, having acquired a structure and acquired rules, perfectly took root in educational institutions in England. It seemed that nothing could break the established order once and for all. But on April 7, 1823 (the day of the anniversary of the victory at Waterloo), an event occurred on the field of one of the colleges in the city of Rugby, which could be considered a simple violation of the rules of the game, if it did not entail the emergence of a new sport.

Sixteen-year-old William Webb Ellis grabbed the ball with his hands and, instead of throwing it to another player, ran with it to the “city” of rivals. So a new, exciting game was born, named after the English city of Rugby, and a memorial plaque nailed to the wall of the college with the corresponding inscription reminds of William's glorious deed.

The separation of football and rugby happened very quickly. This is not true. The rules of the game, believed to have originated in 1823, were not published until 1846. But even after that, the controversy between the supporters of the game using hand grabs and their opponents, who assert that only legs should be used for playing with the ball, did not subside. The complete separation of football and rugby took place only on October 26, 1863, but even before 1869, footballers had the right to catch the ball with their hands, and throwing the ball out of touch with their hands has survived to this day.

England pioneered the inclusion of rugby in the Olympic Games. No, Romania initiated the inclusion of rugby competitions in the Olympics. It was in this country that rugby gained immense popularity.

At many Olympics and other world competitions, the British took the first places in rugby competitions. In the Olympic rugby tournament (this sport first appeared in the program of the Paris Olympics in 1900), the team from France took the first place, the second went to the Germans, and the third to the British, the founders of rugby. Eight years later, in London, the British team again lost the palm to the players of Australia and New Zealand.
The games in Antwerp (1920) for the athletes of England were just as unsuccessful - the first place was taken by the US rugby players, France was in second place. The 1924 Olympics were no exception, where the prizes were shared by athletes from the USA (I), France (II) and Romania (III).
In the Rugby World Cup (the decision to hold which was approved in 1986, in Australia, at the Congress of the International Rugby Federation), the British team won only in 2003. Before that, the Cup was won by athletes from New Zealand (1987), Australia (1991, 1999), South Africa (1995).

Only tall, broad-shouldered guys can play rugby. It's a delusion. The fact is that each of the fifteen players of the team has its own functions. For optimal performance, some need fast and light, others - tall and thin, and still others - strong and heavy players.

To play rugby, Americans are thoroughly equipped - they wear armor, helmets, etc. No, the form of rugby players is extremely simple (rugby, shorts, leggings, boots) and does not require such a significant investment as the aforementioned helmet and armor - a necessary component of the players' outfit in American football. These sports are often confused - after all, American football is, in fact, a simplified version of rugby with slightly modified rules.

Rugby is more dangerous than American football - at least there armor protects from injury. Unfortunately, it is this myth that gives rise to a sense of security (little in line with the reality) of diligently equipped American football players. This feeling gives rise to disregard for the rules, as a result of which the player gets quite serious injuries. After all, for example, a helmet can only protect against superficial injuries (bruises, cuts, etc.), but it cannot prevent a concussion. Forgetting this, the player throws himself head first at the opponent, instead of making a correct tackle. In addition, since the collisions of the players in American football occur at a higher speed than in rugby, the armor is also of little use. In particular, they cannot protect against injuries to the elbow or knee joints.

Rugby is a game for hooligans who want to fight to their heart's content. Indeed, rugby is a contact sport with some toughness. But the goal of the game is by no means to inflict bodily harm on enemy players. Clashes in the heat of the game are quite possible (however, as in many other sports), but after the match rugby players of different teams do not harbor enmity towards each other, remaining friends off the field.

Rugby often ends up with pretty serious injuries. According to research, the most traumatic (excluding extreme) sport is football. Further, in descending order - hockey, figure skating, artistic gymnastics, auto / motor sports. And finally, there are game sports (rugby, handball, basketball) and various types of single combats. In addition, since grabs are provided for by the rules of the game, it is taught to correctly perform them and group when falling in rugby from the very beginning, while in many other sports such training is not carried out. As a result, the rugby player is much better prepared for various potentially traumatic situations than a football or basketball player.

Rugby is popular only in England, New Zealand and the USA. In the countries of the post-Soviet space, this game is not widespread. At the moment, the International Rugby Federation includes more than 100 countries, including many countries that were part of the USSR in the past (where rugby, by the way, was quite popular). Women do not play rugby. Completely erroneous opinion. In many countries of the world (even Iran) there are many women's rugby teams.

All players on the team can participate in the scrum. No, most often only the attackers take part in the fight. In this case, the players line up in three lines, wrap their arms around each other and close with the opponent. Any quarter-player should be able to pass twenty meters with both right and left hands. Of course, players should be able to pass, but the most important and valuable thing is the ability to determine when and to whom it is best to pass the ball. In addition, transmissions over ten meters are extremely rare.

By spreading out across the field, players create space for attack. No, for a truly effective (although perhaps less spectacular) attack, such a maneuver is not at all necessary. In addition, the extreme is not very often involved in the game.

The main attacking force is made up of extreme players. No, the attackers in the back row are three inner quarters and a fifteenth, which is also part of a defensive unit made up of wingers. Safety and defense should not be confused - the true task of the tenth and eighth is to prepare a foothold for a counterattack. In the attack, the role of the extreme is quite specific, they must be used very selectively.

Since when running ("loop") an additional player appears and the confused opponent does not know whom to capture, this tactic most often leads to success. Of course, the "extra" person is a problem for the players of the opposing team. But the reason for the effectiveness of this technique is that the runner (especially if the fifteenth player is used to perform the above function) is forced to accelerate in order to synchronize his actions with the inner player and be at the right time in the right place.

The quarter-man with the ball, beating the opponent, must run around him. No, in this situation the player's task is to force the opponent to take a fixed position. To do this, the quarter should not rush between the defenders of the opponent, but, "straightening the run", go directly to the chosen defender. In this case, the chances of making a breakthrough increase, and an opportunity is created to quickly pass to the timely arrival of the support player.

"Breaking the line" is an individual task. This is not entirely true. More often than not, it requires the combined efforts of several players to allow the player with the ball to be behind the enemy's line of defense. "Ten" does not participate in breakouts - it is not supposed to be due to its status. No, just this player, who is closest to the most vulnerable point of the enemy's defense (the space between the forward and the defender), simply must be able to make breakthroughs.

The player with the ball, at the first danger of a tackle, must pass the ball to an free player on his team. Not necessary. Sometimes it is more important to keep the ball and attack power than to pass to a player who is completely blocked by an opponent. With good support, when there is the possibility of a quick pass or pickup of the ball, a half-break or a breakout is possible even if the original quarter was caught.

When the ball carrier is tackled, the quarters give way to the grapples. No, sometimes the quarter player can be agile and resourceful and win the ball.

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