Mali (Republic of Mali) is a state in West Africa. French is the official language.
The population of Mali includes a large number of African peoples, so we can talk about the diversity of the population of Mali. The African peoples living on the territory of the Republic of Mali include Malinke, Tuareg, Senufo, Soninke, Fulbe, etc. The majority of the population of the Republic of Mali is Muslim (94%). 4% are Christians and 2% are pagans. The monetary unit in the Republic of Mali is the African franc.
Mali is an independent state. It became such only in 1960. It was then that the Republic of Mali appeared on the map of Africa. The same year - 1960 - became known as the "Year of Africa". It was then that seventeen colonies became independent states as a result of a stubborn struggle. Among these seventeen colonies was French Sudan. This state became a sovereign country - the Republic of Mali. The name was given in honor of the great empire of Mali. This strong empire existed in the area from the eighth to the fifteenth century.
Mali is an agrarian state. Agriculture, camel and cattle breeding, as well as fishing are the main activities of the population of the republic. The following minerals are mined in Mali: phosphorites, diamonds, gold, etc. The state exports minerals. It also supplies overseas peanuts, hassle and livestock.
Tourism is well developed in Mali. This is not surprising. After all, the African culture presented here has an ancient history. The traditions of this country are unusual. Ancient cities and cultural centers are beautiful. Statistics show that about one hundred thousand tourists come to the Republic of Mali every year to rest.
Mali has a tropical climate. This is what he is most of the state. Only in the south of Mali does the climate become subequatorial. The rainy season in Mali lasts from July to October. That is why, if a tourist has chosen to visit this country, he should carefully consider the time of his trip. The rest of the months - from November to June - the republic is dominated by hot and dry weather. Moreover, the air temperature can reach +45 degrees Celsius. The "harmatan" wind often blows - dry and strong. It can often be associated with a hurricane. For tourists, the most favorable months are from November to February. The average daily temperature in these months is +35 degrees Celsius. In the evening the weather is not so hot.
A visa is a prerequisite for entering the country. This applies to all persons entering the republic, except for French nationals. If a person is only passing through Mali, then he must apply for a transit visa. If a person goes to the Republic of Mali for a vacation, then he must open a visitor visa. It usually lasts 30 calendar days. For a fee, if the need arises, the visitor visa can be extended for a period from one month to a year.
City of Niono - "Venice of Mali". The city received this name due to the large system of ducts and canals. Their network crosses the entire city of Niono.
Mali is a poor country. The Republic of Mali is indeed ranked among the poorest countries in the world. This can be judged on the basis of the following data: less than 50% of children of school age are able to attend primary school in this state, and even less - 10% of secondary school. The number of students is also small - it is only six thousand people. The urban population is only 20%, and there is one doctor for every twenty thousand people.
Some interesting sights of the African continent are concentrated in Mali. The Republic is home to the legendary Timbuktu. In the central part of Mali, a tourist can admire the view of the stunning rock mass of Bandiagara. A tourist will be surprised to learn how many ancient cities of Mali are now covered with desert. This state is fraught with many interesting things for an inquisitive person.
Mali is the birthplace of the Dogon. Their lands are located in the area of the city of Duenza. It is believed that the Dogon were the very first inhabitants of the Niger River Valley. Dogon artwork is prized by collectors from all over the world. The birthplace of the Dogon - the Dogon Plateau - is on the UNESCO list. The reason for including Plata in the list of World Heritage Sites is the uniqueness of the living conditions - many of the ancient Dogon villages, located in the cliffs, are still inhabited. Their beliefs include ancient worldview ideas.
Shigu is a well-known Dogon ceremony. It is celebrated once every sixty years. Most likely, this ceremony has a connection with the agrarian calendar of the Dogon. An interesting fact is that this calendar is based on the orbital cycles of one of the stars. Strikingly, we are talking about a white dwarf star from the Sirius system, which was discovered only in the second half of the twentieth century. How did it happen that the Dogon knew about her for more than a millennium? After all, they could not use the most powerful telescopes with which the star was discovered in 1960.
Timbuktu is a legendary city. About six centuries ago, this city was very powerful. It was located at the intersection of important trade routes. This circumstance brought the city of Timbuktu incalculable wealth. Now the city is fraught with a peculiar imprint of the past. There are three mosques here, which, as expected, were built in the fourteenth century. Therefore, mosques are ranked among the oldest in the world.
Jenne City is a clay monument of Mali. This city flourished at about the same time as Timbuktu, and also had an advantageous position at the intersection of trade routes. Nowadays, in this city there is a famous building made of clay. It is ranked among the largest on the planet. This is an architectural monument - the great Jenne mosque. Perhaps this mosque is not only the main attraction of the city, but also the main attraction of the entire state. In the form in which the mosque is to be seen today, it has existed only since 1907. The first mosque appeared in this place in the distant thirteenth century. But in the nineteenth century it was destroyed. Only Muslims have the right to enter the Jenne Mosque.
Baule National Park is the only place in Mali that has preserved greenery. In fact, this is true - there are not so many green areas in Mali. Baule National Park is located 130 kilometers northwest of Bamako. The few representatives of lions, giraffes and hippos that can be seen in this park look even a little unnatural among the sun-scorched plains. By the way, there is an ethnographic museum in Bamako, which is one of the best in West Africa. This ethnographic museum is called the Local National Museum.