Knife is a melee weapon. In some cases, namely at distances of up to three meters, it surpasses firearms in its effectiveness, losing in the speed of drawing out and preparing for use. Another important advantage of the knife is its compactness and noiselessness.
Although professionals can handle an ordinary household knife, special combat knives are mainly used for knife fighting. In addition to people, animals, for example, service dogs, can also act as opponents.
Knife fighting techniques include various stabs, cuts, blocking and grabbing with a blade, as well as throwing techniques.
Having learned the technique of using a knife, it will be possible to easily resist an opponent armed with the same blade. Unfortunately, this is not always true. Therefore, experienced instructors try not to instill in the souls of students a sense of false confidence that, having received certain skills in training, they will be able to completely control any situation. So if there is an opportunity to avoid a fight with an opponent who is armed with a knife, you should definitely use it.
It is best to confront an opponent armed with a knife while in a certain stance. Quite a dangerous misconception, especially if a low and wide stance is assumed, which does not at all contribute to an increase in movement speed. It should be remembered that it is mobility that is the most necessary factor in a real battle, therefore, according to experienced specialists, a stance that is ideally suited for all moments of a fight simply does not exist. But the ability to choose the optimal way of movement in certain combat conditions is really important.
Knife sparring is akin to a fencer's duel. This is not true. Indeed, in a real fight, various objects that have turned up under the arm are used (stool, table lamp, etc.), used in order to knock the enemy down and get a certain advantage. A capture, a successful block, or a fall immediately changes the balance of power, forcing opponents to use completely different techniques to protect their lives. Therefore, an experienced instructor teaches how to conduct combat at various distances and in any position.
The main thing in knife fighting is sliding blocks that help deflect enemy strikes. Some Asian techniques attach extreme importance to skipping and dodging. Indeed, such techniques help to develop sensitivity, coordination of movements, and increase the speed of a fighter. However, practicing trainers say that at a short distance it is more effective to grip rather than retract the opponent's armed hand. The sliding block should be used only when it is not possible to grab.
There is a perfect grip, the most dangerous in combat. It is by the way your opponent holds the knife that you can determine the level of his skill. Misconception. In each combat situation, the fighter uses exactly the grip that is most effective for the particular case. Sometimes a single-edged blade has to be rotated in order to position it in one or another plane necessary to achieve the desired result. Therefore, the grip used at the beginning of the battle can by no means be a sign of the opponent's level of experience. It is much more important to be able to use this or that grip with maximum speed, depending on the situation.
The most effective grip on the knife is with the thumb pointing up. This kind of hand position (with protruding thumb and forefinger) is sometimes found among some Filipino teachers who have considerable, and deserved, authority. The mentioned position of the fingers is used for grips, hooks, and is absolutely irreplaceable when working with certain types of Indonesian edged weapons (for example, kris sapukal - a dagger with a straight blade). But, firstly, the masters themselves assert that in a real fight, this kind of grip is never used. Secondly, it should be borne in mind that it is the thumb that more than half ensures the efficiency of gripping the knife handle, but if it is directed upwards, the enemy can easily knock the weapon out of the fighter's hands, while gaining a considerable advantage and all the chances of winning the fight.
It is easy to knock the knife out of the opponent's hands with a kick. For a novice fighter, this kind of blow can end quite badly, since an armed opponent is quite capable of cutting his leg without making any effort - it will be enough just to position the knife at a certain angle. More experienced fighters use the above technique more effectively, but they do not overestimate its importance, since they use the whole body and the entire arsenal of knife fighting methods known to them during defense and attack.
The first successful blow with a blade will shock the enemy and render him harmless. Therefore, one should not hold, but push the wounded opponent as far as possible. Unfortunately, this is not the case, especially if you are dealing with an experienced opponent. It should be noted that only novice fighters or people who are not distinguished by a strong will, the sight of their own blood can plunge into a state of shock. The rest continue to fight for their lives, sometimes even in an unconscious state. Therefore, experienced instructors teach self-preservation skills, which are necessary even after a successful attack, arguing that you should not push away a wounded opponent in any case - this will give him complete freedom of action. The optimal solution is to disarm and block the enemy until you are sure of his complete incapacity.
When blocking and disarming the enemy, there is a high risk of injury. Yes it is. But, if there is no way to retreat, you have to fight for your life in all known ways. One of them is disarming and blocking the enemy. Moreover, it is the fighter's inexperience in this situation that can do a good job, since his behavior is completely impossible to predict. In such a situation, the blocker can be injured, but significantly increases his chances of staying alive.
Knife fighting is a beautiful sight. Yes, in films, fights sometimes look interesting and quite attractive. However, the reality looks completely different. In a fight with the use of cold weapons, people inevitably suffer, receiving various injuries, sometimes fatal. And those who are going to apply the skills learned in training in practice should be prepared for this rather unsightly sight.
The ability to wield a knife in real modern combat helps little. Training not only allows fighters to master knife fighting skills, but also makes people more collected and serious, improves reaction speed and coordination, the ability to navigate in space and control their own body. The importance of these factors in real combat conditions cannot be overestimated.
For best results, a knife with a blade of a certain shape should be preferred. The effectiveness of actions in real combat is determined by the skills and abilities of the fighter, and the shape and size of the blade play a secondary role.
You can master the basics of knife fighting in a couple of months. Some information about the methods of handling cold weapons can indeed be learned rather quickly. But in order to get real combat skills, you will have to spend at least six months of persistent regular training.
If a man with a knife attacks you, the main thing is to have time to get your weapon. There are techniques that allow you to dodge the enemy's knife in order to get time to remove your blade from its scabbard. However, according to the results of tests carried out in England, in order to have time to repel an attack by an enemy armed with a knife, a fighter should get his weapon when his opponent is at a distance of about 7 meters. Otherwise, the chances of surviving an unarmed person are sharply reduced.