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Childhood allergy

Childhood allergy

It would seem that such seemingly different diseases as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis and hay fever may have in common? In fact, they are related by the fact that they are all based on the same mechanism - a failure of the immune system. Parents, in search of answers, often themselves generate a whole series of myths, which interfere with effectively fighting diseases.

Allergy in a child is associated with sterile cleanliness around him. This myth is based on the theory of epidemiologist David Strachen, put forward by him in 1989. The scientist linked the risk of allergies with a weak immune load in childhood. Allegedly, with sterile cleanliness around the baby, the learning ability of the body in the fight against allergens goes away. Over time, this will lead to the fact that the likelihood of allergies increases. David seems to be hinting that moderate dirt, natural conditions, is not so bad - it is protection for the child. Today, doctors confirm that such observations exist. It is noted that in families with many children and those with pets, allergies in children appear much less frequently. In third world countries, allergies are not a particular problem, perhaps the reasons for this are low living standards and hygiene? Indeed, in prosperous developed countries, including Russia, an epidemic of allergies is a common thing. However, such a hypothesis has no scientific explanation yet. In addition, there are many other reasons that provoke the characteristic reaction of the body. Doctors say they face them every day. First of all, we can talk about heredity. If adults are allergic, then the appearance of such reactions in children is not surprising. Pregnancy also plays a role. If during it the mother was poorly nourished, smoked and took potent medications, then the baby's risk of allergies significantly increases. It also plays a role in how the baby is fed - artificially or naturally. The environment is also important. It is worth talking about air, water and food pollution. The baby is born with an undeveloped protection system. If in the first years of his life a lot is done wrong, then the consequences may then be irreparable.

The nutrition of a pregnant woman does not affect the appearance of allergies in a child. According to this myth, the expectant mother can eat whatever she wants. And the diet should be used after birth. It is not true! A pregnant woman should know that she should avoid so-called mandatory allergens. These include ketchups and mayonnaise, chips and crackers, as well as shop sweets. After all, they contain dyes, flavor enhancers and simply allergenic preservatives. You should give up coffee, cocoa and chocolate, bright fruits and vegetables. These include carrots, beets, strawberries, tomatoes, citrus fruits, and so on. Care should be taken with chicken, fish, eggs, exotic products that are probably processed with chemicals. Do not be alarmed, you can eat an omelet, you just should not do it every day. Usually, expectant mothers abuse their position. If you want eggs, they eat dozens of them, chocolate - in bars. It's okay if the egg is part of another product. You need to eat a little and varied, avoiding overloading with any one product. Particular attention should be paid to milk. It is believed that dairy products for pregnant women are very useful in any quantity. This is necessary for the fetus and will help with future lactation. But cow's milk protein becomes the first allergen a baby encounters. So in this matter, one should observe the measure. Pregnant and lactating mothers are advised to drink kefir and milk with a short shelf life. This practically guarantees the absence of preservatives there. And even then - no more than two glasses a day. And milk will not affect the increase in lactation, for this it will be enough to drink warm liquid before feeding.

Bread and water can be considered a real anti-allergenic diet. To get rid of allergies, it is not at all necessary to eat like an ascetic. Both pregnant and lactating mothers can eat meat, vegetables and cereals. Of the vegetables, potatoes, zucchini, squash, white cabbage, Brussels sprouts or cauliflower are recommended. If you want cucumbers, then you should give preference to homemade, not store-bought. For meat, turkey or lean pork should be preferred. But veal or beef is best avoided. If children are allergic, then meat soups for them should be cooked in secondary broth. To do this, the meat must be washed, finely chopped and filled with water. The broth should be boiled for 5 minutes, after which it should be drained and used for those people who do not suffer from allergies. The meat must be poured with a new portion of water and now cook until tender. Although a hypoallergenic diet is difficult and strict, it is advisable to follow it. Although not even all maternity hospitals adhere to it. There is a common occurrence of an egg for breakfast, and fish soup for lunch. For allergy sufferers, in fact, there is only one way out - homemade food, when the origin of the products and their composition are known in advance.

Even one bottle of formula given to a baby can lead to allergies. Often mothers are afraid that in their absence someone will give the babies a mixture in the form of complementary foods, which can cause allergies. However, this is not quite true. Indeed, it should be said that sensitization is possible, during which the body's sensitivity to the effects of allergens in the composition of the mixture components will increase. However, the allergy itself will not appear immediately. But if you continue to feed the baby with the same mixture, then the reaction may appear. That is why doctors advise to exclusively breastfeed children for at least four months. If one of the parents is allergic, then it is better to continue breastfeeding for up to six months. In this case, complementary foods, even juices, are not recommended. Today it is customary to talk a lot about the importance of breastfeeding, but mothers still adhere to their own views, sometimes paradoxical. Once, a premature girl was fed red caviar from infancy to make her stronger. The result is a strong toxic-allergic reaction. In another case, the mother, being a very allergic person herself, began to give the child carrot juice on the advice of relatives. The result was similar. The stereotypes of a century ago have stuck in the heads of grandmothers, who, with their advice, prevent young mothers from feeding their children correctly. In today's life, such instructions can be not only superfluous, but also dangerous.

If breastfeeding is not possible, you can avoid allergies with goat milk and soy formula. About 15 years ago, artificial soy-based mixtures were used, which partially solved the problem of allergies. Now such products are practically not used. The reason is that soy protein is found in almost all everyday foods today. The simplest example is the sausages that mothers eat during pregnancy. As a result, the baby is already sensitizing to soy protein while still in the womb. And when they begin to feed him with a mixture with its content, an allergic reaction occurs. But allergy to goat milk is much less common. Although people say that it has some miraculous properties, this is not entirely true. It's just that it is quite rare in everyday food. If goat's milk were consumed in products as often as cow's milk, then it would most likely be allergic. If your baby still needs artificial mixtures, then it is worth giving preference to hypoallergenic mixtures with partially or completely hydrolyzed cow's milk protein or mixtures based on goat milk.

Atopic dermatitis (allergy) does not need to be treated; with age, everything will pass by itself. It is often assumed that allergies are especially severe up to three years of age, and then gradually disappear. Modern medicine says that in these cases it is necessary to talk about dermatitis that need treatment. To understand why, let's look at the mechanism of the formation of allergies over time. Suppose that the baby already has a hereditary predisposition to allergies, and during pregnancy and feeding, the mother also made some mistakes. It is then that the child acquires a food allergy. It is usually expressed as skin reactions to a specific food allergen. Over time, the immune system matures, and allergies to this substance may disappear on their own. Like popular belief and right. But another option develops much more often. With growing up, six months later, the allergy to this food allergen decreases. Instead, reactions to other products appear. Soon allergic reactions to air allergens begin to appear and form: house and book dust, dust mites, saliva, remnants of animal skin, pollen, animal food, etc. With this type of allergies, runny nose, coughs, conjunctivitis can occur. Doctors note that aeroallergies have become much younger. If earlier they began at the age of five, then today they are often celebrated up to three. But this is fraught with the formation of bronchial asthma, as in the most extreme scenario. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you need to be treated. When taking medication, the main thing is to separate the child from the allergen.

Allergies cannot be defeated at all. But this statement is not a myth. Both atopic dermatitis and bronchial asthma are chronic diseases. They cannot be cured, you can only achieve stable remission. During this period, the disease "falls asleep" and stops manifesting itself.

You can get rid of your cat allergies. To do this, you just need to get this pet and the body will eventually get used to it. There is some truth in this statement. There is a special treatment method - allergen-specific immunotherapy. Its meaning is that an allergen in low concentration is introduced into the body under the supervision of an allergist. It can be drops under the tongue, or it can be an injection. Every day, the concentration of the allergen is gradually increased, bringing it to a level that a child may encounter in his daily activities. This is how allergies to dust, mold or pollen are treated. It is impossible to completely remove these allergens from our lives, so we have to get used to them. It is also theoretically possible to get used to cats and other domestic animals. But doctors do not recommend exposing the child's body to unnecessary stress. Still, you should try to separate it from the allergen, and simply not start a cat. Why experiment on your own child?

Allergies are less common in children with Helicobacter pilori. This bacterium provokes stomach ulcers, but it cannot be attributed to the properties of combating allergies. Quite the opposite, in medical practice it is described how allergies are directly related to disruption of the digestive system. If the usual treatment of allergy symptoms does not help, then the child is referred for examination to a gastroenterologist. But Helicobacter pylori is not the only parasite that can provoke allergies. It can be worms (roundworms or pinworms), and lambia (intracellular parasite). Unfortunately, they are quite common. And it is quite easy to get infected - through cats and dogs, kisses of loved ones, dishes, etc. if a parasitic infection is found in a child, then the whole family needs treatment. Parents are often worried that after treatment, children may become infected again in kindergarten. Indeed, this scenario is possible.

Attending kindergarten contributes to the development of allergies. Unfortunately, this statement has a foundation. At the very beginning of visiting a preschool, any kid goes through the stage of their adaptation. The childcare institution has an abundant number of various bacteria, to which the child's immune system gets used. It is not surprising that in the first months of visiting the kindergarten, children often suffer from endless ARVI, but this is natural. If the child is initially healthy, then he goes through this stage without consequences. But if the baby already has a hereditary predisposition to allergies, then it may manifest itself. The fact is that the already unformed immune system is overloaded and weakened by viruses. Therefore, for an ordinary child, a viral infection is expressed in the form of a banal rhinitis, but for a child with a predisposition to bronchial asthma, it can lead to bronchospasm.

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