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People inhabit not only the earth, but also its bowels. How many of them are still unknown? We will tell below about the most interesting dungeons known to mankind.
Catacombs of Paris. There are ancient and terrible catacombs right under the French capital. The fact is that at the end of the 18th century the city was overpopulated. There was simply nowhere to bury the dying people. The government decided the issue in an original way - massive underground burials were created on the basis of abandoned quarries within the boundaries of Paris. Since 1785, in a year and a half, the remains of 6 million people have been moved there. Bones and rotting corpses were transported right on large carts around the city at night, taking them to a new resting place. Here they were piled up in huge heaps, creating a whole "Empire of Death". The catacombs are 200 miles of underground galleries. The bones of millions of people still rest there. Only a small part of this dungeon is open to the public. But this is enough to shock the unprepared viewer. Many skulls and bones are arranged in various configurations. There are crosses, wall decorations or just huge mounds. Electricity was installed in these galleries. They say that Emperor Napoleon III loved to receive his guests here.
Coober Pedy. Many people call this place in South Australia one of the most unusual in the world. On the surface, there is a constant high heat, because of which about 80% of the city's population is forced to live and work underground. After all, here even in summer the temperature does not exceed 26 degrees. Coober Pedy is a mining town. Prospectors mine opals here. A huge influx of miners here happened in 1915, after the discovery of the mine. The first seekers realized that it is quite convenient to arrange dwellings underground, they cost nothing. The extraction of stones in the tunnels continues to this day. And the dungeons themselves have already turned into an almost autonomous structure. There is a church, shops, an art gallery, offices. Some residents even arrange swimming pools in their homes. And the real pride of Coober Pedy is the whole underground hotel with 19 beds. In the city, you can travel along long corridors. There is even a golf course here, but you won't find green grass on it. The natural color is provided by the sand oiled with paint.
Batu caves. This place 13 kilometers away in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia is a local landmark. To get to the entrance to the cave, you need to climb a steep staircase, consisting of 272 steps. This can be difficult given the tropical heat and the attention of the many monkeys. Nevertheless, this is the procedure that more than a million pilgrims perform every year to celebrate in the cave the spectacular Taipusam Festival, which came from Hindu culture. This colorful celebration of the deity of youth, strength and power is not a sight for the faint of heart. Adults impale themselves with hooks in many places. The iron needles go through the chest, back and face. In this way, penitent sinners express their devotion. It is believed that such people do not feel pain, as they find it in a trance state. As a result, the caves become for a time the site of one of the largest pilgrimages in the world. The underground voids themselves appeared here about 400 million years ago. For another 150 years, they were used by local tribes as a haven while hunting. And the festival began to be held here since 1892. The largest cave of the Temple rises almost 100 meters. Inside other caves there is a temple, statues of deities. At the very bottom is the Dark Cave, which is home to unique species of animals. There is a two-kilometer network of yet unexplored passages with obligatory stalagmites, stalactites and cave pearls.
Health radon mines. This healing underground place is located in American Montana. Many people believe that radon is harmful to health. However, not everyone thinks so. So objects appear in different parts of the world that specialize in the treatment of radon therapy. Back in 1924, these mines were used to extract gold, silver, lead and uranium. In 1949, the abandoned mine was discovered to be radioactive. And one of the visitors, assessing the business attractiveness of the object, suddenly discovered that her illness had passed by itself. This fame spread quickly and the mines quickly turned into a hospital. It is believed that radon stimulates the nerves and helps the body heal itself. Low doses of radiation help in the fight against many diseases, even pets are treated here. People usually come here for a week, but visit the healing place only 2-3 times a day for a few minutes. The average age of tourists is 72 years, but there are cases of complete healing of even paralyzed patients. But the authorities consider the mines unsafe and have tried to close them as many as 175 times.
Wieliczka Salt Mine. This site was even included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Visitors love this mine, which is in fact also a museum. There are very few places like this in the world. Since the Middle Ages, rock salt has been mined in the mine. And the right to do this was given to the mines back in 1044 by Casimir the Restorer. Now all the technologies used here are shown here for seven centuries. The salt mines are seven levels of galleries at depths ranging from 57 to 198 meters. The miners created huge underground chambers and intricate salt sculptures. There is a mill here, a huge cathedral carved from this mineral. Moreover, not only the floor and walls are saline in it, but even decorations with chandeliers. This place has always been very popular with visitors. Back in the 15th century, the most prominent persons began to descend into the mine, studying an unusual object. Today, up to a million tourists come here every year. They are interested in labyrinths of passages, chambers and unusual structures made of salt. Since the 19th century, people began to actively receive treatment with salt baths; a special sanatorium was even opened in the mines. It treats bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis.
Capuchin catacombs. Mummified bodies can be seen in many places. But true horror lovers should visit these particular catacombs in Sicily. This dungeon is often called the "Museum of Death" and with good reason. More than 8 thousand mummies are kept here. The dungeons under the Capuchin temple began to be used for burials from 1599. Then the priests decided to find a new cemetery for the expanded brethren. And so a dark and eerie, but intriguing place appeared. The most bizarre aspect is that the mummies do not give off any smell at all. The Capuchins buried their brothers here until 1871, sometimes giving permission to accommodate the most prominent citizens of Palermo. Some of the dead are dressed in elegant costumes that have partially collapsed over time. But they mostly look like skeletons. The monks almost immediately discovered that the peculiarity of the catacombs prevents the decomposition of bodies. Therefore, the remains were prepared in a special way. As a result, they were either placed in coffins, or put on shelves, exposed in the open. In 1881, the catacombs were officially closed by the authorities. But even after that, several people were buried here. The most famous of them was Rosalia Lombardo. She died at the age of 2 from pneumonia. However, the girls' relatives asked to embalm her and obtained special permission from the authorities to bury her in the catacombs in 1920. Today the child is called "Sleeping Beauty", even after her death the girl was often visited by her relatives. Rosalia's body is still perfectly preserved and is located in the center of a special chapel. The catacombs themselves have several specialized corridors. Men rest in one, women rest in the other. There are departments for virgins and children.
Chapel in the milk grotto. There are many legends about this place in Bethlehem. It is said that the Holy Family was hiding here when Herod's soldiers beat babies. It is believed that when Mary was breastfeeding the baby Jesus, one of the drops of milk fell to the floor, turning the stone white. Now the milk grotto is a pilgrimage site for many childless mothers. They come here and ask Maria for a child. The chapel contains a miraculous icon of the Mother of God, which helps to improve lactation for nursing mothers. Christians have worshiped this place since the earliest times. Since 1375, the grotto has been in the possession of Franciscan monks. In 1871, the Lactation Church was built on the site of the chapel. Cretaceous inclusions in the walls were considered miraculous, they were even mined and supplied to Europe. It was believed that this powder could heal people and livestock. Visitors still take chalk as a keepsake and pray to Mary here. At the entrance to the grotto, pictures of babies are hung with words of gratitude from their mothers to Mary for her help.
Ithaa Underwater Restaurant. This place is located, if not underground, but under water. The world's first underwater restaurant has been created on one of the Maldives. It is located at a depth of several meters. It features curved walls and a solid acrylic roof. The thickness of the glass is 125 millimeters. The restaurant is covered from above with five such arches, which are tightly pressed against each other and sealed with a special sealant. Such a structure was built in Singapore, it was brought to the island in a huge barge. Then the future restaurant was lowered to the bottom of the sea with a giant crane. The entire structure weighed 175 tons, and another 85 tons of sand was added to it to sink into the sea. The entire project cost the creators $ 5 million. To recoup it, they had to set an astronomical price for the dishes offered in an exotic restaurant. But the sight is worth it. After all, the visitor has a panoramic view of the beautiful Indian Ocean and its living environment.
Waitomo Caves. On the North Island, in New Zealand, there are famous karst caves. Their very name literally translates as "water passing through a hole." According to scientists, these caves are more than 2 million years old. For centuries, the cave was used by the Maori tribes, and Europeans discovered it only at the end of the 19th century. The public began to be allowed here only in 1911. Excursions at a depth of 250 meters become so exciting that up to half a million visitors come here annually for them. They are attracted here not only by the acoustics of the caves, known throughout the world, but also by some unusual local formations. This is not only beautiful stalactites and stalagmites, but also an organ pipe, a limestone mine. The firefly grotto is of particular interest. There is a whole colony of them here. In complete darkness, they glow, creating the illusion of a starry sky on a cloudless night. Such bioluminescence is carried out by females, which, at the final stage of pupal development, thus attract their males. Cave rafting is a special delight among tourists - a boat trip through underground waters will not leave anyone indifferent.
London underground. This place is the largest horror attraction in Europe. And the entrance is located there under gloomy arches not far from London Bridge. Although not for the faint of heart, there are always queues of thrill seekers. During a two-hour excursion, the tourist will see the English slums of the 16th century with rats, executions and torture and other horror of that dark time. This is one of the best themed attractions in Europe. Viewers can fully immerse themselves in dark times. Here you can see reflections of the Great Fire of London, take a boat trip to hell and the Labyrinth of the Lost. Creating such a unique world required an investment of several million pounds. But there are several dozen characters and paintings. Live actors add horror and excitement. In the dungeons, you can see a variety of torture instruments, most of which are very cruel and even sadistic. The dungeons recreate elements of those streets of Victorian London, where the famous maniac Jack the Ripper performed his terrible deeds. The underground labyrinths themselves appeared here 2 thousand years ago.