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For most modern residents, the tram is a kind of guest from the past. Just think, the oldest existing tram line appeared in Berlin in 1881.
At the end of World War II, this transport fell into crisis. The fact is that cars began to be used everywhere. So they began to gradually remove tram lines in many cities. However, at the end of the 20th century, mankind became concerned about ecology, and eternal traffic jams were already tired of it. People again remembered about trams, literally resurrecting this transport.
As a result, hundreds of millions of people are transported today in some cities in just a year. There are cities where trams have never existed before, but at the beginning of the 21st century they appeared here. Dublin can be considered a classic example, where the first such line appeared only in 2004. But in the world there are several rather unusual tram routes with their own unique history and dizzying events around them. Let's talk about them in more detail.
Coolest tram line (Austria). This route is in Pöstlingbergbahn. The city has been a popular tourist destination for over a hundred years. It is located on the hill with the same name, from where an amazing view of the surroundings opens. Over time, Pöstlingbergbahn turned into a district of Linz, but when a tram line opened here in 1898, it was an independent settlement. Thus, the route was intercity. The length of the line is 4.1 kilometers. This is clearly not the longest route, but it is considered one of the steepest. It is also worth mentioning that it is also very popular in Austria, as it offers a picturesque view. It is not surprising that in the first years of its operation the line fully paid off. World wars could not prevent the growth of the number of passengers. Today, the Pöstlingbergbahn tram line carries about half a million people a year. The old tram park has recently been renovated, however, the modern carriages have been stylized in retro style. Now they look just like their old cousins, fitting perfectly into the picturesque Austrian look. A one-way trip for an adult will cost 3.4 euros, and half the price for a child.
Cable car San Francisco (USA). A ride on such an unusual tram costs $ 6 for an adult and $ 3 for a benefit recipient. Available for $ 14 and a full day pass. The San Francisco cable car has a long and dramatic history. His work began in 1873. Thanks to the cable car, the tram learned to overcome steep slopes and technologies for which the city is so famous. But economic and natural disasters hurt him quite badly. After the earthquake of 1906, it was decided to liquidate this transport altogether, then the "tram genocide" of the 1920s and 1930s followed, when buses became fashionable throughout America. In 1947, the mayor of San Francisco again raised the issue of closing the tramway. However, in the end, the citizens did not like the initiative of the official. In a special referendum, people voted for the preservation of the cable car system. In the early 50s, the tracks were globally reconstructed. Since then, no one has tried to close the cable car. As a result, it has already become a visiting card of the city and one of its attractions. The network consists of three lines and the rolling stock is authentic. As a result, the trailers look exactly the same today as they did a century ago. Today the San Francisco cable car is listed on the National Register of Historic Monuments of the country. For this he is known not only in the USA, but throughout the world.
Tokyo tram line Toden Arakawa (Japan). The fare for adults here costs $ 2, and for children - $ 1. There was a time when the capital of Japan was riddled with tram lines like spider webs. At the beginning of the last century, it was impossible to imagine Tokyo without trams. But by now, all two lines have remained in the city - Toden Arakawa and Teiko Sataga. Moreover, the latter is only nominally considered a tramway. In the ultra-modern city, the metro, buses and taxis are much more popular. But somehow, Toden Arakawa also found a place in the bustling metropolis. The first sections of this route were built in 1913, at the beginning of the Taisho period. Until 1974, the tram was owned by The Oji Electric Tram, but then it was bought by the Tokyo Transport Bureau. That deal actually saved this city vehicle from being destroyed. Today the length of the line is 12.2 kilometers, and it runs from the northern to the eastern part of the capital. There are 30 stations along the route, some of which have retained their retro style after the recent reconstruction. Thus, a reminder of those irretrievably gone times when the main transport of Tokyo was the tram.
Volgograd Metro Tram (Russia). The trip here will cost 10 rubles. If you ask anyone what is so common between Volgograd, Vienna, The Hague, Antwerp and Krivoy Rog, then the answer is unlikely to be found. Meanwhile, they are related by an underground tram. His route runs partly above the surface of the earth, and partly below it. There is no such unique system anywhere else in our country. The metro tram in the city has its official name - the Volgograd high-speed tram. It opened back in 1984. The last section of the route opened quite recently, combining the Pionerskaya and Yelshanka stations. Today the length of all tracks is 17.3 kilometers. Metrotram consists of 22 stations on 22 lines. Moreover, they are all on the same side. It turned out that it is not so easy to find trams that have two-way doors. Almost all cars are equipped with exits on only one side, the right. But this is quite inconvenient, since on those sections of the route that run underground, the movement is left-hand. The way out was found simply - the tunnels changed places without a direct intersection at the beginning of the underground sections. This clever system was able to compensate for the lack of carriages on the left side.
Hong Kong doubledecker tram (China). Travel in this transport will cost about 30 cents for an adult, and half the price for a child. But the tour on the old tram will cost $ 100-200. This transport firmly entered the life of Hong Kong back in 1904. The Japanese occupation during the Second World War did not prevent its existence. Today, on the streets of the former English colony, you can find only two-story trailers. This makes the island-city tram system rather unusual. Doubledeckers cannot be considered a fast form of public transport, but they still have a place in the frantic pace of life in the Asian metropolis. Trams carry about a quarter of a million people a day, with the total length of all lines being 30 kilometers. Unusual carriages are popular not only among locals, but also among tourists. It is no coincidence that the transport operator has created special excursion tours on old trams especially for the guests of Hong Kong. Such a trip is especially spectacular after sunset, because the streets of the metropolis begin to glow with many bright lights.
Alexandria tram (Egypt). The uniqueness of this tram is that there are cars exclusively for women. The fare here is from 4 to 16 cents. The Alexandria tram is the oldest in Africa and one of the oldest in the world. The first city route opened in the early 1860s, and the first electric carriages appeared on the streets in 1902. Today, two lines have been laid around the city, on which 38 stations are located. The total length of all tracks is 38 kilometers. The Alexandria system is one of three in the world that uses double-decker trams, double-decker. These trailers are painted blue; they peacefully coexist with their one-story yellow cousins on city streets. It is on the tram that you can conveniently, cheaply and safely get acquainted with the sights of Alexandria. After all, the traffic here is very hectic. Choosing a seat that is more comfortable in the tram, one should not forget the peculiarities of Egypt. Here, the first carriage is for women only. If there are three carriages, then the average ride for men will be prohibited.
Tram "Santa Teresa" on the aqueduct (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Now this line is being reconstructed, so the fare is unknown. A little more than a hundred years ago, Santa Teresa was a rather prestigious suburb of Rio. Since 1896, an electric tram began to run from here to the center of the city of carnivals. For more than a century of its existence, the route has become famous not only in Brazil, but also in the rest of Latin America. The real gem of that tram route is the famous Carioca aqueduct. It was built in the 18th century. Tram rails ran through it, which only increased the interest of tourists in it. However, an accident that occurred here in August 2011 significantly damaged the reputation of the tram line. Then one of the trams derailed and rolled over. As a result of that disaster, 6 people died, and another 50 were injured. The investigation dragged on for a month, but it revealed serious systemic flaws. To eliminate them, a global reconstruction of the entire line was started, which should be completed by the end of 2012. The trams of Lisbon will be an example for her. It is planned that each new tram on the Santa Teresa line will have to receive an electronic ticketing system. This will avoid crowding in the carriages. Also, a satellite tracking module will be installed in each train, which will reduce the risk of accidents.
Odessa tram - the hero of anecdotes (Ukraine). It would seem, what is surprising about the Odessa tram? It opened in 1910 and is not the oldest. The trams themselves do not have any special beauties or technological solutions. Outwardly, this transport is not much different from the one that runs on rails in many other cities of the former USSR. The uniqueness lies in the very phrase "Odessa tram". We can say with confidence that more jokes, tales and jokes have been written about him than any other transport. It is no coincidence that Odessa is considered the world capital of humor. How could the townspeople ignore such an extraordinary phenomenon as the tram? As a result, he can be found in the books of Ilf and Petrov, Babel and Zhvanetsky. A trip to Odessa by tram turns into a legend and the very unique city atmosphere. It is for her that Odessa is famous. Traveling by tram at the same time will allow you to get acquainted with the city sights. But at the same time it is necessary to follow every word, otherwise you can turn into a participant in a new anecdote. A trip by tram costs 1.5 hryvnia, which is about 20 cents.
Melbourne tram (Australia). This tram network is currently the largest in the world. You can travel within one zone for 2 hours for $ 4.3, and a reduced ticket costs $ 2.8. A day pass for one zone costs $ 8.2, and a concessional pass - $ 4.3. The tram in Melbourne took over the championship quite recently, before that the leader was St. Petersburg. In the Australian city, the total length of all tracks is 250 kilometers. There are 28 routes with 1,773 stops. In total, there are 487 trams on the route, which annually transport 180 million people. In the capital of the state of Victoria, this transport first appeared in 1885, while electric trains have already appeared here since 1906. Today Melbourne cannot be imagined without trams. It is both the main city public transport and the main tourist attraction. It is interesting that, along with the newest trailers, old models made 60 and more years ago also appear on the routes. To further attract tourists, the circular route number 35, which runs around the business center, was made free of charge. There is also a unique tram in Melbourne, which is a restaurant on wheels. Anyone can have a snack in it during their trip, admiring the city landscapes.
Tram for narrow steep streets (Lisbon, Portugal). A one-way ticket costs 2.85 euros and can be purchased inside the tram. The appearance of the city just screams that there is no place for a tram network. After all, Lisbon is famous for its winding streets and extremely steep ascents and descents. Nevertheless, the city has been proving the opposite for more than a century. Since 1873, a horse tram began to walk along its streets, and in 1901 an electric tram appeared here. The specifics of the Portuguese capital have been studied by engineers. Especially for Lisbon, special carriages were developed. They are still in service. The cars themselves are four-wheeled. Special counterweights are installed at the rear and front. They help "smooth out" the steep terrain. As a result, the tram moves rather slowly, but at the same time it is safe. Why hurry? After all, this rhythm is consistent with the city itself. Today there are 5 tram lines in Lisbon. The most famous of them is No. 28, which connects the districts of Estrela and Alfama. Traveling on this route is the best way to plunge headlong into the world of the leisurely Lisbon.
Jerusalem high-speed bulletproof tram (Israel). Jerusalem tram travel will cost 1.8 for regular passengers and half the price for privileged categories. This line is one of the youngest in the world. It officially opened only on August 19, 2011, linking Mount Herzl and the Neve Yaakov area. The length of the route is 13.8 kilometers, but it is planned to increase it to 24 kilometers. The line runs through almost the entire city, including the disputed territories. The Harp of David suspension bridge was built especially for this city tram in Jerusalem. Santiago Calatrava was able to create a true masterpiece of modern architecture and engineering. The wagons and locomotives were purchased from France. As a result, the city tram is not much different from what can be seen in Europe. But the interior decoration is completely different, local specifics are taken into account. So, the doors of the cars are made bulletproof, and the engines are located inside a special casing. It protects the heart of the tram from explosive devices. There are 23 stops on the route, each of which is announced, taking into account local specifics, in three languages at once - Hebrew, Arabic and English.
Calcutta tram (India). The tram in Kolkata is one of the symbols of the English sojourn and dominion here. The fare is 0.6-0.1 dollars and depends on the class of the car and the distance. Those wishing to ride on these monuments of English power should remember that the carriages are different, differing not only in class, but also in the number of passengers. Once upon a time, trams drove through the streets of New Delhi, Mumbai, Patna and other cities. But today only Calcutta has preserved this type of transport. At the same time, it is quite developed - there are 29 lines in the city. The first trams appeared here in 1880. They walked either on steam traction, or were ordinary horse trams. In 1902, the first electric tramway appeared in Calcutta, which became the first of its kind in general in all of Asia. The rolling stock still used by the Calcutta Tram Company was purchased from Great Britain even before India gained independence. The cars are completely authentic, which is the reason for their heavy wear and tear.As a result, since the mid-1990s, buses have appeared on many routes instead of trams. Some lines were either closed altogether or began to be reconstructed. Although the tram in Kolkata has many problems, it is unlikely to disappear from the city anytime soon.