A sect is a religious group that for some reason has separated from the mainstream. This effect appeared due to the frequent cases of the negative impact of sects on a person.
There are numerous cases when people, saturated with religious teachings, gave to organizations everything they had - apartments, cars. But even among them there are several who have gained worldwide fame for their activity.
Temple of the Nations. This sect originated in Guyana. It was organized by preacher Jim Jones, who deprived his members of any freedom. The head of the organization achieved their submission with constant threats, insults and beatings. The sect arose in the 50s, at first it included small representatives of national and racial minorities, drug addicts, prostitutes, homeless people. In 1974, members of the organization created their settlement in the jungles of Guyana, named Johnstown, after their leader. There he continued his activities. Eyewitnesses recall that Jones's sermons were political. Once he even threatened the American flag that was hanging in the room: “Wait, a nation of racists, fanatics, imperialists and Klans! The hour of reckoning will soon come for all the atrocities you have committed. I have a Bible in my hands, see? For almost two thousand years it has been distracting people from real work and interfering with the fight against injustice. I throw it on the floor and spit on it! " In a single settlement, Jones tried to build socialism with elements of a cooperative. In its own official documents, the commune was called "Agricultural and Medical Cooperative" Temple of the Nations ". Every morning the anthem of the USSR was heard from the speakers to wake up, and one of the streets even bore the name of Lenin. On November 18, 1978, tragedy struck. About 1,000 members of the sect, US citizens, committed suicide. Reliable data on the reasons for the incident has not been published. According to some assumptions, when trying to close the commune, all its members used potassium cyanide. But in the 90s, publications appeared that it was a massacre organized by the American special services. The authorities did not like the activities of a political group that vehemently criticized the United States. In addition, the settlers were in close contact with Moscow, even preparing to move to the USSR. Since 1979, the sect has been recognized as destructive and officially banned in America. The consequences of the tragedy were a significant decline in the reputation and various religious cults and interest in them.
Aum Shinrikyo. In 1987, Shoko Asahara established his neo-religious organization in Japan. The sect gained worldwide fame in 1995 when its members carried out a sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway. Then 12 people died. Originally, Aum Shinrikyo was an association of calm people interested in yoga and meditation. However, Asahara decided to radically change the image of his organization. The elite club became available to large masses. There was an extensive advertising campaign that announced numerous cases of healing using yoga techniques, improving physical condition and intelligence. Hallucinogens were often used in rituals. Unable to get into big politics, the leaders of the sect declared an unspoken war on the country and its civil institutions. Although the teachings of Aum Shinrikyo are based on Buddhist texts, their interpretation is severely distorted. By 1995, the sect had carried out several terrorist attacks and murders. The most famous of these was the attack on the Tokyo subway. Shoko Asahara was arrested, the trial lasted until 2004. The sect leader was sentenced to death. The sect changed its name to Aleph, removing aggressive motives from its doctrines. In many countries, Aum Shinrikyo's activities are banned, and the organization itself is considered terrorist.
Paradise gate. The sect was created in 1975 in the United States by Marshall Applewhite and Bonnie Nattles. Fame came to the organization after in 1997, Applewhite was able to persuade 39 of his followers to commit suicide, as the Earth will soon inevitably collide with the comet Gale-Bopp. The leader promised his adepts that they would be able to leave their earthly bodies and then go on a journey in a spaceship. In preparation for this act, members of the sect wore hoods and gloves in order to protect themselves as much as possible from sinful thoughts. Thousands of rules were established in the sect, a lot of time was devoted to studying the Bible. Sometimes people there could communicate only with the help of writing. The family was to be forgotten once and for all. Each person in the sect had an observer, and each in turn was obliged to supervise someone. With the development of the Internet, even a sect site with the name "The Gates of Paradise" appeared. In preparation for mass suicide, the group members ritually cleansed their bodies by constantly drinking lemon juice. The sect believed that the mass suicide of its members would lead to the popularization of the Internet. After all, many believers worked as web designers. On March 26, 1997, 39 dead bodies were found at the Santa Fe ranch, near San Diego. They were all dressed the same - black shirts, black pants, and black shoes. 18 men and 21 women died using phenobarbital mixed with fruit jelly and pudding. People washed down deadly food with vodka. After that, they also pulled plastic bags over their heads, hoping to suffocate in their sleep. Before their death, the "monks" carefully covered their face and upper body with a square purple veil.
The Manson family. In 1967, Charlie Manson, who by that time had a bunch of delinquencies, met Mary Brunner. It was she who became the first member of his "Family" sect. Manson's career as a musician did not work out, but Scientology interested him. Charlie and Mary began to travel around California, attracting more and more new members to their sect. “Children” were those whom society threw into the trash, as well as the leader of the Family. Each got a new name and new brothers and sisters. The family lived a free life - people took drugs, had group sex. Soon Charlie, based on his own interpretation of The White Album, the Beatles declared war between the black and white race. He named her Helter Skelter. The war was supposed to clear the land, opening the way for Charlie himself to power over the whole world. On August 8, 1969, Charlie decided to attack the house of a music producer who had rejected his music. So the leader wanted to show his followers how to kill. The victims were innocent people, including the pregnant wife of director Roman Polanski. The bloody massacre continued the next day in another house. After Manson's arrest, members of his group continued to commit murders and attacks. He himself was sentenced to death, later commuted to life in prison. Although many consider Manson to be a madman and a maniac, there are those who believe him. There is even a website on the Internet supporting the criminal. All of his requests for early release were denied. Manson enjoys public attention - he often gives interviews, his songs began to be performed by avant-garde rock bands. The star Marilyn Manson took his pseudonym in honor of the bloody leader of the Family.
Seventh-day Adventists. The Adventist Church dates back to 1844 in the United States. In religious reference books, this organization is defined as a sect of American origin, affiliated with the Baptists and paying special attention to the Old Testament. It was founded by the most common farmer, William Miller, who served as a Baptist priest. In his close study of the Bible, he once came to the conclusion that the end of the world was approaching. In 1818, Miller determined the year of the death of the whole world. This should have happened according to his calculations in 1843. The progenitor of the sect was not embarrassed by the words of Christ that no one can know for sure the day and hour of his second coming. As a result, the dates of the end of the world were constantly postponed, as a result, Miller's students tried not to name exact dates anymore. The Adventist doctrine is based on Scripture and the observance of the commandments of the Decalogue. Here they believe in the spirit of prophecy and in the special role of the Sabbath, that very seventh day. In Russia, the first Adventist colonies appeared in 1886 together with German colonists. In 1993, a tragedy struck in the Texas town of Waco. One Adventist leader of the Branch of David, David Koresh, committed an act of mass suicide. The sect too believed in another end of the world. This time, the prophecy was bound to come true. The unsuccessful messiah decided to fulfill his predictions, taking his flock with him. Koresh blew up his temple, under the ruins were found about a hundred dead people, including 25 children.
Bhagavan Shri Rajneesh sect. Rajneesh, better known as Osho, contemptuous of humanity, did not hide it. The new-born guru, with a special cynicism, paraded everything that moved him - lust, greed, vanity and the desire for power. At the same time, the Rajneesh cult has nothing to do with the pseudo-Hindu new formations. This sect is an absolutely author's creation, which was created in the spirit of the New Age movement. After graduating from the university in 1957, Rajneesh taught philosophy there until 1966. In the end, he decided to leave the work and began to preach his own doctrine. It included in an incredible way pieces of Tantrism, Jainism, Taoism, Sufism, Zen Buddhism, Nietzscheism, psychoanalysis, psychospiritual therapies. Teachings of Krishna and Gurdjieff. Osho decided not to devote himself to mystical traditions, altering everything in his own way and adapting it to his needs. As a result, the main law of the Osho religion says: "Love God and do whatever you want." Rajneesh did not promote self-denial; on the contrary, he became known as a sex guru. Osho believes that one must absolutely satisfy all one's desires, disregarding norms and traditions. The cult's adepts were often introduced to the state of nirvana with the help of drugs. Believers were deprived of their will. The destructive practices have zombified people. The movement received international status, and a particular interest in it arose in the United States. It was there that Osho moved in 1981. By 1984, the sect consisted of about 350 thousand people with an average age of 34 years. There are Osho meditation centers in 22 countries, including Russia. In 1984, Rajneesh was accused of poisoning hundreds of people in Dallas with the salmonella bacteria. After being deported from the country, Osho could not find a refuge for a long time, as many countries banned him from entering.
Order of the Temple of the Sun. This sect was founded in 1984 by the neo-Nazi, Belgian Luc Jure. The teachings of the Temple of the Sun have their origins in the mystical order of the Knights Templar and some branches of Rosicrucianism. The theory is involved in mysticism, alchemy, astrology, yoga and Kabbalah. Michel Tabachnik became the theorist. He proclaimed that our Earth is on the verge of an apocalypse. Death itself does not exist at all. This is just an illusion, after which revival will certainly follow. Not everyone was accepted into the Order, but only the richest and most educated. Members of the sect had to make contributions to the cashier, and vanity moved them. The organizers themselves were secretly engaged in financial fraud and even arms trade. In 1993-1994, there were several cases of ritual killings and suicides by members of the sect. On October 5, 1994, 48 members of the sect were found burnt at once. But the most high-profile case took place on December 22, 1995. Then, not far from Grenoble, in the French Alps, 16 adepts burned themselves at the edge of the forest. There were three children among them. Some of the victims had previously been shot in the head. It turned out that many members of the sect refused to commit suicide, then the leaders of the sect forcibly killed them. This prompted the authorities to investigate the case more thoroughly. But, despite the arrests of the leaders and their property, the ritual self-immolation continued.
"Church of the Body of Christ" or "Word of Life". In Russia, this sect has received many names - "Church of Christ", "Church of the Covenant", "Chapel on Calvary", "Tree of Life", "Russian Christian Church". In accordance with her teachings, every Christian must be successful and prosperous in mortality. This is precisely the basis for subsequent salvation. After all, God, as these believers believe, simply cannot refuse those whose faith has a solid material foundation. The organization has numerous cells that support each other by exchanging pastors. Each service is accompanied by the glorification of Christ. At the same time, believers repeat the words "I sing you, Christ" in a monotonous manner to simple music. Sect adepts prefer to be in information isolation. Indeed, according to the teachings of the press, television and radio are demonic instruments. Many believers leave their families, because people are taught that the one who did not accept the teachings is an instrument in the hands of Satan. Adepts are required to deduct tithes from their income to support the local community and its leadership. At the same time, money is often collected for current needs. It is customary to gather people in large numbers, while healing sessions are held. Often even stadiums become a place for sermons, and the action resembles a performance by psychics or healers. It is customary in the sect to abandon traditional medicines, which sometimes leads to the death of fanatical believers.
Raelians. In 1973, Frenchman Claude Vorillon, a journalist and race car driver, allegedly met with aliens. They took him to their ship for 6 days, where they told the truth about the origin of mankind. One of the aliens called himself Elohim, God. He said that life on our planet appeared precisely thanks to unearthly life through cloning and genetic engineering. Claude was released, receiving the name Rael, "the harbinger." He immediately decided to organize an international movement of followers. His activity and gift of persuasion helped to quickly recruit several hundred adepts. Rael promises believers eternal life, the secret of which he knows. People believe that they are descended from aliens who populated the Earth 25 thousand years ago. Vorillon himself was also noted for sermons on sexual freedom. Thanks to the Internet, today there are more than 55 thousand Raelians from 84 countries on Earth. The new converts sign a contract, which says that after their death, a piece of their skull must be removed. Thanks to this "third eye" the resurrection will take place. Now the movement has its headquarters in Geneva, and a whole town dedicated to UFOs has been built near Montreal. Raelians strongly support cloning projects. In 2003, one of the followers even claimed to be a clone. Scientists have denied this claim. In his novel The Possibility of an Island, Michel Houellebecq described the activities of the Raelians.
Ho no Hana. The name of this Japanese neo-Buddhist sect translates as "flower teaching". It was founded in 1987 by Hogen Fukunaga. The adepts believed that he possesses magical powers and can read the future and past of people by their feet. At the time of its heyday, the sect included about 30 thousand people. The rulers of the organization, hiding behind religious slogans, were engaged in the usual extortion.People have been diagnosed with cancer or other fatal diseases. Then, with the help of expensive cleansing sessions, the "sick" were cured. In 2000, Fukunaga resigned as a teacher. Authorities found that the preacher made over a million dollars based on 31 statements. According to the verdict of the sect, the court paid more than $ 3 million to victims of its activities. However, the organization continued its activities, now under the name of Yorokobi Kazoku no Wa.